How to Combat Climate Change with Waste Management

How to Combat Climate Change with Waste Management

It’s easy to associate the problem of garbage with issues like climate change because both harm the natural environment on a large scale. But is your overflowing garbage bin truly linked to carbon dioxide in the atmosphere? Can proper waste management help reduce greenhouse gas emissions? This blog post explores the relationship between these two challenges and examines practical waste management strategies that can combat climate change.

The Climate – Waste Connection

Common waste management practices, such as landfilling, significantly contribute to climate change by emitting greenhouse gases. At the same time, the impacts of climate change, including extreme weather events, place significant stress on waste management systems, making containment more difficult and diverting resources from sustainable disposal. Together these create a positive feedback loop, where waste management exacerbates climate change, making garbage disposal more challenging.

However, it doesn’t have to spiral out of control. Breaking this cycle requires an understanding of waste’s role in climate change, which can be broken down into three parts:

  • Landfills as Carbon Emitters: Landfills are substantial sources of greenhouse gas emissions, primarily methane. When organic waste decomposes anaerobically (without oxygen) in landfills, it produces methane gas. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, many times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. Fortunately, it doesn’t stay in the atmosphere nearly as long.
  • Energy-Intensive Processes: The entire waste management process, from collection to transportation and disposal, often relies on energy-intensive operations. These processes release greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, as they burn the fossil fuels used in waste transportation and incineration.
  • Improper Disposal and Food Waste: Improper disposal results in the wastage of food, supplies, and other items without utilization. Globally, approximately one-third of food produced is wasted. Reducing this waste could significantly decrease emissions from food production and transportation.

Rising global temperatures impact waste management systems through extreme weather events, including floods, wildfires, windstorms, and hurricanes. Climate change intensifies the frequency and severity of these events, disrupting waste collection and disposal systems and causing delayed pickups, infrastructure damage, and potentially releasing hazardous waste into the environment.

How to Break the Feedback Loop

The breakdown of the climate doesn’t need to go hand in hand with waste disposal. The adoption of sustainable waste management practices can be a key driver in mitigating climate change. Here are some specific strategies:

Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: The “reduce, reuse, recycle” mantra is a powerful means to decrease waste generation and associated greenhouse gas emissions. By consuming less, reusing items, and recycling materials, we can reduce the demand for new resources and energy-intensive production processes.

Composting: Diverting organic waste from landfills and converting it into compost is an effective way to mitigate methane emissions and create valuable soil amendments. Landfills create methane primarily because they receive organic waste.

Renewable Energy: Implementing waste-to-energy technologies that harness the energy content of waste materials can help reduce reliance on fossil fuels for power generation. Properly designed and operated facilities can mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from landfills and generate electricity.

Sustainable Packaging: Both manufacturers and consumers can contribute by choosing and promoting sustainable packaging options. Reducing single-use plastics and opting for eco-friendly materials can significantly decrease waste generation.

Whose Responsibility Is It?

Addressing environmental issues on a wide scale may seem challenging, but it doesn’t have to be. Government policies and personal actions both play a key role in mitigating this crisis. First, let’s look at what lawmakers can be doing:

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR): Governments can incentivize producers to take responsibility for the entire life cycle of their products, including responsible end-of-life management. EPR policies encourage companies to design for recyclability and reuse, reducing waste generation. For example, many cell phone manufacturers invest in effective ways to dispose of old phones.

Carbon Pricing: Carbon pricing mechanisms, such as carbon taxes or cap-and-trade programs, can encourage waste management entities to reduce their carbon emissions. This can spur innovation in cleaner waste management technologies.

Individual actions are equally crucial in addressing this issue:

Reduce Consumption: Reducing personal consumption of single-use products and adopting a minimalist lifestyle can significantly decrease waste generation and its associated environmental impacts.

Recycling and Composting: Properly sorting waste for recycling and composting can divert a substantial portion of waste from landfills, reducing their environmental footprint.

Utilizing Disposal Companies: If you’re unsure about how to compost or recycle your items, get in touch with a waste disposal company to learn more. For instance, Atlas Disposal can assist with waste removal and recycling in Sacramento.


The intricate relationship between climate change and waste management underscores the urgency of addressing both issues holistically. Government policies, such as extended producer responsibility and carbon pricing, provide essential frameworks. Individual actions, such as reducing consumption and responsible waste sorting, are equally vital. By doing so, we can mitigate the environmental impacts of waste while actively contributing to the fight against climate change. This interconnected approach holds the promise of a more sustainable and resilient future for our planet.